How do we diagnose Prostate Cancer?
Magnetic Resonance (MR)
Prostate MR is a very powerful tool for diagnosing prostate cancer. Currently, it is the most accurate noninvasive method to diagnose new cases of prostate cancer and can be used to direct prostate biopsies. MRI does not use or produce radiation and is not associated with radiation risks or effects.
Computed Tomography (CT)
CT is one of the most common ways to follow prostate cancer and detect spread (metastases). CT is very accurate to detect small metastatic nodes or other diseases in the liver or bones.
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/CT
PET/CT is an advanced method that can detect the spread (metastases) of prostate cancer. In cases of prostate cancer a special radiotracer, fluciclovine F-18, also known as Axumin is used in conjunction with a CT scan to show sites of disease. This technique is much more sensitive to finding metastases than CT alone.