How do we diagnose Prostate Cancer?
Magnetic Resonance (MR):
MR is a very powerful tool for diagnosing prostate cancer. MR uses a powerful magnetic field to produce detailed images of the prostate gland. MRI does not use or produce radiation and is not associated with radiation risks or effects.
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A bone scan is a very accurate test to detect any disease in the bones. Prostate cancer can commonly spread to the bone (metastasize) where they absorb a greater amount of the radiotracer than normal bone.
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CT scan is one of the most common ways to follow prostate cancer and detect spread (metastases). CT scanners use a series of x-rays and powerful computers to create 2 and 3-dimensional images of the body.
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PET/CT is an advanced method that can detect the spread (metastases) of prostate cancer. In cases of prostate cancer a special radio tracer, fluciclovine F-18, also known as Axumin is used conjunction with a CT scan to show sites of disease. This technique is much more sensitive for finding metastases than CT alone.
For more information on PET/CTCT please see